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Plant Transport Answers

   1. What is the function of the xylem vessel?

  The xylem transports water and dissolved mineral salts. 

 

   2. What is the function of the phloem tube?

  Transports sucrose and amino acids all around the plant 

 

   3. True or false? The xylem vessel transports water from the roots to the leaves 

  True 

 

   4. What is transpiration?

  The movement of water and dissolved minerals through a plant

 

   5. What is translocation?

  The movement of amino acids and sucrose through a plant

 

   6. By what process is water absorbed through the root hair cells?

  Osmosis

 

   7. If the temperature increases, what happens to the rate of transpiration?

  It increases as water is evaporated off of the leaves faster

 

   8. What is the movement of sugars through a plant called?

  Translocation

 

   9. What happens to the rate of transpiration as the wind speed increases?

  It increases as water is evaporated off of the leaves faster 

 

   10. True or false? If a plant is put in a plastic bag then the plant will lose water faster because it is more humid

  False, the humidity increases in the bag and therefore the amount of water the plant will lose will decrease